SharePoint 2010 PowerShell incompatibility with .NET 4.X

There is a known compatibility issue with SharePoint 2010 and Windows Management Framework 4.0 (WMF), which also includes PowerShell 3.0. If you install these components on a server that also runs SharePoint 2010, you may encounter errors when running SharePoint PowerShell cmdlets:

PS C:\> Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell
The local farm is not accessible. Cmdlets with FeatureDependencyId are not registered.

PS C:\> Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication
Get-SPEnterpriseSearchServiceApplication : Microsoft SharePoint is not supported with version 4.0.30319.1008 of the Microsoft .Net Runtime.

Although this is not a supported configuration, there is a workaround to force PowerShell 2.0 documented in KB 2796733 – SharePoint 2010 Management Shell does not load with Windows PowerShell 3.0

What isn’t mentioned in the KB article is a different combination when this issue can occur, even if WMF 4.0 isn’t installed. If your PowerShell version is 2.0 but configured to run with .NET 4.x CLR, you will still see the errors.

The $PSVersionTable will show the version of PowerShell and .NET that is being used.  If it shows a CLRVersion of 4.x, you will probably still have problems running SharePoint 2010 cmdlets:

PS C:\> $PSVersionTable

Name   Value
—-   —–
PSVersion  2.0
CLRVersion  4.0.30319.1008

You can override the .NET CLR version with these steps:

  1. Create or edit a file at $pshome\powershell.exe.config
    1. If you use the ISE, also do the same for powershell_ise.exe.config
  2. Insert or edit the contents so that the line for the v2.x supportedRuntime is listed before the v4.x line.

    <?xml version=”1.0″?>
    <startup useLegacyV2RuntimeActivationPolicy=”true”>
    <supportedRuntime version=”v2.0.50727″/>
    <supportedRuntime version=”v4.0.30319″/>

  3. Save the file and reopen any previous PowerShell sessions
  4. Test by adding the SharePoint snap-in, and running some SharePoint cmdlets, e.g.

    Add-PSSnapin Microsoft.SharePoint.PowerShell

This is similar to the procedure described in this post, but with forcing .NET version 2.x instead of version 4.x.

If this helps you, or if you still encounter these issues when running SharePoint 2010 PowerShell cmdlets, please post a comment or send me an e-mail.


SharePoint 2010 Survey Issue

I recently had a problem where I have a site for hosting #SharePoint #Surveys. This was working amazingly with custom permissions so the users could only add items. The problem came when we introduced #branching into the questions. It appears that SharePoint creates the item after the first question so when the second one comes around the user will get “Access Denied” message. Obviously something as simple as this to fix shouldn’t have taken this long to figure out!

So if you have the same problem, just give your #PermissionLevels edit access as well as #AddItems – especially if you want to use branching!

Degraded Search SharePoint 2013

So recently I came across this error within #SharePoint2013.

Search service overall state: Degraded


This was actually really easy to fix for me in this instance.  Both of my WFE’s had run out of space on the Index #LUNs. As soon as I expanded the disk, the #Degraded warning triangle disappeared!

Nice and simple but make sure you check this before resetting the Index.

Atkins so far…

Well I’ve been doing the Atkins diet for a couple of weeks now and I can already tell a huge difference in how I look and feel. I know you are only supposed to do #Induction #Phase1 for a couple of weeks but I’ve decided I’m going to continue for another couple of weeks before I go to #Ibiza.

I had a moment of weakness last night, I went out for a few drinks #CoorsLight with it only being 4 carbs per pint, I ended up having about 6, a cheeseburger and chips and a pizza come last night! It’s fair to say I am well and truly out of #Ketosis! I don’t mind though, It’s just what was needed and has given me the boost to do another 2 weeks really hardcore.

I’ll be glad when I get to the end of this, but I really do think it’s the best way to change your diet, eating habits and to lose weight quickly!

I’ve noticed a huge drop in my body fat (according to my #Withings WIFI scales) and also about 10lbs off what I weigh, so it’s worth it when you start seeing results like that! Hopefully I will lose just over a stone on the next couple of weeks!

Pokemon Go + 30yo Male

Well today has been an interesting day, for some time I have wondered what the whole #PokemonGO phase was about so I decided to put the app on my phone. BIG MISTAKE.

Seriously you have to go around and see rustling in bushes which means there could be a Pokemon about. The aim is to catch as many different ones as you can. When you come across a Pokemon you have to try and capture it. This happens by throwing a ball and trying to capture the creature.

It’s so addictive, me and 3 other mates all grown men walking around the office carpark trying to find these Pokemon! I don’t even like Pokemon!

I ever found one at my desk at work!

So yeah…if you want to have a life, not get addicted then DO NOT download the app onto your phone. Your life will be over!

Restart SharePoint 2013 Workflows with PowerShell

Recently I had an issue where my #SharePoint list #workflows wouldn’t run and were in suspended state. The reason for the suspended state was an item already existed in the destination folder where the workflow was supposed to move the file to.

I tried lots of tricks to get the workflows to automatically start, I had about 250 instances of this happening and no scripts I found online would resolve this issue. They just wouldn’t cancel / resume.

In the end I removed the workflow from the list (which killed all instances) and then republished. Perfect. Now how to start them all again? Hmm

Well because these are #SharePoint2013 Workflows that run on a workflow management server, the normal scripts for starting them are different. To cut it short, use the following #script and all should be good.

$sourceWebURL = ‘http://YourURL
$sourceListName = ‘YourListName
$TargetWorkflow = ‘YourWorkflowName
$spSourceWeb = Get-SPWeb $sourceWebURL
$spSourceList = $spSourceWeb.Lists[$sourceListName]
$items = $spSourceList.getItems()

# Getting a Workflow manager object to work with.
$wfm = New-object Microsoft.SharePoint.WorkflowServices.WorkflowServicesManager($spSourceweb)
# Getting the subscriptions
$sub = $wfm.GetWorkflowSubscriptionService()
# Getting the specific workflow within the list of subscriptions on the specific list. (SP2010 associated workflows basically)
$WF = $sub.EnumerateSubscriptionsByList($spSourcelist.ID) | Where-Object {$_.Name -eq “$TargetWorkflow”}
# Getting a Workflow instance in order to perform my commands.

Foreach($item in $items){
# Creating the dictionary object I need to parse into StartWorkflow. This could be most other workflow commands.
$object = New-Object ‘system.collections.generic.dictionary[string,object]’
$object.Add(“WorkflowStart”, “StartWorkflow”);
$wfis.StartWorkflowOnListItem($WF, $item.ID, $object)

All you need to do is edit the BOLD text above and you should be on your way. Copy and Paste it into PowerShell ISE and save as PS1. Then run the file through the SharePoint 2013 Management Shell.

Good Luck!

Creating default SharePoint permissions groups (Hostname site collection)

When you create a #Hostname #SiteCollection within SharePoint 2013 you will notice that the default user groups aren’t there. This is because they aren’t created when you use #PowerShell to create a hostname site collection.

To get these groups back, this can be done via PowerShell or simply doing the following:

Navigate to http://yoursitename/_layouts/15/permsetup.aspx

From this page you will see the following:


Simply click on OK and the groups will be available.

The important part of the URL is


Have fun with your permissions!

NextScripts: Social Networks Auto-Poster

Oh for some time now I have been using NextScripts: Social Networks Auto-Poster, thisplugin allows me to automatically post blog posts to social networks. It’s quite handy but recently I noticed a lot of my posts weren’t being sent. Now because I don’t really use the WordPress interface, I use a third party blogging tool, I wasn’t aware there was an issue. Until I went to install some more plugins. I noticed this particular one was stating

“Not Enough Memory allowed for PHP. You have 32 MB. You need at least 64MB”

Because I run all my websites on my own server I couldn’t contact the hosting company because… I guess I am the hosting company. So a little digging around and I found that I needed to edit the php.ini file on my server. Easier said that done when you don’t know where it is… so I did a little digging around and came up with the following:

SSH into your server (if unix) with the following:


Then run the following command to locate the PHP.ini file:

php –ini

This will display where you php.ini file is and can be edited with the following command:

nano /usr/local/lib/php.ini

The above location may be different for you depending on your server but when you launch the following command the php.ini file will be opened within the editor and about half way down the file you will notice a memory option which is set to 32mb as default. Simply change this to 64mb and write out the file to save.

I didn’t need to reboot my server or restart any services, the changes were done instantly and the plugin started working again!

Until next time!

Atkins Again!

Well the diet tomorrow starts again, this time I’m going to make sure I stick to it. I’ve done it a number of times but every time I get out of #PhaseOne I can never seen to stick at it, I always think because I’ve lost lots of weight it’s ok to just going back to my rubbish diet. This time I’m going to make sure I do it right and completely change the way I eat.

My diet at the moment is dreadful, It consists of lots of carbs, lots of sugar and basically I don’t look after myself. So this is it. The time to make a change. I know the #Atkins diet is drastic but if you follow it correctly it actually is a really good diet with great results.

Tomorrow I shall be partaking in bacon, bacon and six pork chops. I know this is frowned upon by some people but my food delivery isn’t getting delivered until tomorrow night. At that point I shall be having lots of different things including vegetables!

I’m not sure I’m ready to cut everything out at the moment but I will give it my all. I remember the last couple of times I did this and I found it really difficult. The hardest part was not wanting to eat bacon for months and months! I love bacon too but too much of something and it really makes you feel sick!

I’ve been building myself up for sometime now and it has come around really quickly. I’m looking to go on holiday at the end of the month so losing 1 or 2st may not be such a bad thing! Last time I lost a stone within a week. That was pretty hardcore though and not having anymore than 5 net carbs per day! I was basically just living off meat.

So here I am, cooking 6 pork chops, a full pack of bacon on a sunny afternoon! I have my #Ketostix at the ready and hoping I’m in #Ketosis real soon!

See you on the other side!


Little Discoveries

When I moved to Bournemouth, I was looking for new adventures and to see different sites, but recently on my fortnight visit to #Barnsley I looked for things to do. I came across #YorkshireWildlifePark located in Doncaster. Believe it or not it’s only 30 miles from where I live and I have never been there in my 30 years of living.

If you haven’t been there go and check it out, I thought it was a zoo but when I was there you realise it’s not actually a Zoo. It’s an amazing place and I got to see some animals that I would never expect to see in Yorkshire… Polar Bears! YES! In Yorkshire!

Have a look at the website: It’s well worth the £15 entry fee, in fact I was tempted to buy an annual pass even if that meant I would only probably get to go once more in the year. The animals are so well cared for and in a weird way they actually look happy!


Some of the highlights of my trip were: (in no particular order)

  •  Seeing the Polar Bears, Luckily when I got there there were two of them playing with each other in the large river that was in their enclosure. This was a pretty magical site. It got a lot better when further down as I was walking away another one came past and right underneath me. I said to myself there and then this is probably the first and last time I would get this close to a Polar Bear! Such amazing animals, so large and the paws are ridiculously big! 
  • Giraffes’s, 4 of them in the enclosure, I thought the first three that I saw were big but when the 4th one came out it overshadowed the others! So large! 
  • Wallaby – Walking through the Wallaby enclosure, getting up close and personal with them, I noticed a rather large one stood against the fence. (Early reading that baby Wallaby’s stay within the mothers pouch for months and don’t regularly make an appearance) It turned out it was a female who had a baby within the pouch… and guess what.. Yep the baby popped it’s head out for quite some time! Amazing!

It was a great day out and I would highly recommend going to see it if you can get a chance. This post might sound like I have never seen these types of animals before and that I’ve never been to a Zoo, well you would be wrong, I’ve been to quite a few but this one was different, very different and I’m not sure why. Go and give it a visit and see if you think the same!